Blue Division Oficial Shield
By the order of the German Army High Command an oficial Spanish
national shield was authorized to be worn on uniform on 9 July
1941. The shield is machine weave, normally referred by collectors
as BeVo because of the "Bevo-Wuppertal" firm, which
used to manufacture many foreign legion insignias. Spanish made
shields were also made and worn as well as printed types.
Blue Division Dog-Tag
Rare Spanish Blue Division "Erkennungsmarken" (Dog-Tag) from the collection of Mario de Cocq.
Spanish Eastern Front Award
Spanish Government under Francisco Franco produced and issued many awards to
volunteers and "Falange" party members. One of the most recognizable and
prestigious awards is the Commemorative Medal for Spanish Volunteers in the
Struggle against Bolshevism. However, this award was issued by the German
Government and later reproduced by the Spanish Goverment as replacement
piece for veterans.
Spanish Eastern Front Medal
The "Erinnerungsmedaille fur die Spanischen Freiwilligen
im Kampf gegen den Bolschewismus" (Commemorative Medal for Spanish Volunteers
in the Struggle against Bolshevism) is also referred as the Spanish Blue Division
Eastern Front medal.
It was instituted on 3rd January 1944 to recognize the 250th
Infantry Division. The medal was die struck in zinc alloy with a bronze wash.
It shows on the bottom obverse a swastika with a spray of laurel
leafs emanating from each side. The leafs are arranged differently on both ends.
A sword crosses the center with two shields superimposed on it. The
shield on the left shows the Wehrmacht eagle while the other featured the Falangists
crushed arrows. Directly above the shields is an M-43 German helmet facing left,
with the faint outline of the Wehrmacht Eagle on it.
The reverse bottom has an Iron
Cross, with the ribbon spread above it intertwined with a spread of leaves on both
sides. On the left it shows laurels while on the right oak leaves. In the center,
the medal bore the inscription "DIVISION ESPAÑOLA DE VOLUNTARIOS EN RUSSIA"
(Division of Spanish Volunteers in Russia).
On top of the medal, the ribbon ring
normally is stamped with the number "1," which indicates that it was produced by the
Deschler und Sohn firm. The medal measures 32mm in diameter and 1mm in width. The
ribbon is 30mm wide, in the center is a 3mm yellow stripe followed by two wide red
stripes then two white stripes and two black edges. The Spanish medal shows
the German Eastern Front ribbon intead of the Spanish. The medal was
presented on a maroon box with paper hinge or in an envelope in which the entire
name of the award was written in gothic script. In both cases the award was wrapped
in tissue paper. A German award Certificate was issued with the award.
The Spanish Government presented the Division with a commemorative medal of its own.
This award was surmounted by a Spanish Crown, with its main feature being a Spanish Eagle with
an enamel Iron Cross in the center, representative of the collaboration between the
nations. The reverse shows the Kremlin and the inscription "Rusia 1941," denoting
that the struggle was in the East. It was held by a white ribbon that had on either
side with the national colors of Spain and the Third Reich.
The medal was presented to all Spanish Volunteers that fought in Russia. Because
the swastika was not outlawed in Spain following the war, veterans continued to
wear their awards as originally designed so there are post production awards.
The Spanish post-WW2 medal is illustrated on the left side. The design features shown in the
obverse and reverse are quite different compared to the pre-war made award posted on the right
However, these post-war medals are not considered reproductions as the Spanish
Government officially sanctioned them. The pre-war award was issued in a box with the
inscription "MEDALLA DE TROPA-DONATIVO DEL MINISTERIO DEL EJERCITO"
(Troop Medal-Donated by the Army Ministry). They were made by the Spanish firm
Diez Co. of Madrid.
War Cross for Enlisted
The Spanish War Cross was instituted on 14 March 1942 and awarded for distinguished acts or
services that proved especially effective in the outcome of a battle or combat. In the center
of the cross with swords has the royal crown, which is attached separately.
The cross was also awarded with palms indicating that the recipient performed a higher rated
act but not sufficient for an award of the Individual Military Merit Medal or a field-promotion.
This award was made by the Spanish firm Egaña and came in a small blue carton box.
Officers and NCO's received breast stars (with or without palms)
based on the 1937-42 type and a Grand Cross, hanging from a sash
badge can be awarded to general officers.
Spanish Blue Division Medal Bar
Seven piece medal display bar worn by a highly decorated Blue Division veteran.
The following medals are shown from left to right:
the Red Military Merit Cross, which was established on 17 June 1936 commemorating the
start of Franco's campaign.
Next is the Campaign Medal, which was commonly awarded
to members of the Condor Legion.
The "Sufrimiento por la Patria" (Suffering for the Homeland) medal with the blue enameled was only awarded
to Officers. The yellow ribbon with a red cross indicates a wound obtained in combat.
Next is the Spanish governmemt issued Blue Division medal showing an eagle with an Iron Cross.
The recipient was awarded with the German 2nd class Iron Cross.
Next award is the Commemorative Medal for Spanish Volunteers in the Struggle against Bolshevism.
The last award is the German Eastern Front medal.
From the collection of Mr. Luis Navarro.
Spanish veteran service bar from left to right:
On top shows a light blue ribbon bar, which represents the War
Cross for enlisted.
Next is a red with white stripe ribbon bar representing the red Military
The white ribbon bar is for the Spanish Blue Division volunteer
Below is one of the most recognizable German war bars, the Iron
Cross 2nd class.
Next is the German Eastern Front ribbon bar.
The last bar shows the ribbon colors of the Commemorative Medal
for Spanish Volunteers in the Struggle against Bolshevism.
This bar belong to a Spanish veteran, from the collection of Mr.
Spanish Eastern Front Award Documents
Rare Spanish Eastern Front award document dated in November 1943. During this period the Blue Division was being withdrawn to Spain. The document is hand written and has been signed by the German Commander of
the 18th Army, Generaloberst Lindemann. This document is part of the collection of Mr. Luis Navarro.
The red Cross Merit medal document dated December 1st 1942. This Spanish
document was awarded to a Spaniard in the Blue Division. The document has been
signed by General Muños Grandes.
Posted in the Document is the Merit Cross in Red.
Spanish Falange Badge
large percentage of Spaniards that volunteered to fight in the
Eastern Front were members of Falangist movement (Franco's fascist
party), which was the only legal party allowed in Spain. These
volunteers were allowed to wear on their German uniforms a blue
shirt hence the reference of the Spanish Blue Division. The blue
shirt was a symbolic representation of the Falalgist party. Another
popular party emblem was the Falange "Yoke-and-Arrows." The emblem
comes from the period of the Catholic Kings of Spain (Fernando
and Ysabel). The yoke is an ancient symbol for Queen Ysabel, and
the arrows the symbol for King Fernando. The badge shown above
was worn on German uniform, on the side of the cap and attached
in the center of the national shield. The reverse shows a security
pin attached by means of a small circular plate. The badge is
made of zinc and was manufactured in Mallorca, Spain.
Blue Division Collection
In the background is
a very rare Spanish Blue Division campaign newspaper printed in Riga, Latvia in June 1943.
In front shows an official war press picture showing Spaniards in the Eastern Front,
dated January 8, 1942. On top of the picture is a charity label. Next to it is a rare
postcard sleeve pocket showing the divisions national shield. Below on the corner are
membership pins for the Falangist and Spanish Blue Division veterans. The shield shown
is Spanish made and issued to Blue Divison veterans.
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