Flemish & Walloon Awards

    Flemish Awards

    The Flemish produced numerous military and political awards for their pro-nazi party Dinaso and later referred as the "Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond" (Flemish National Front). The most prestigious awards were those named after party leaders, the so-called van Severen and Tollenaere Badges.

    The Commemorative Joris van Severen Loyalty Badge

    van Severen Honor Badge

    The commemorative Joris van Severen loyalty badge, properly referred as the "Dinasokenteken" Dinaso Badge was instituted after the murder of the Flemish Verdinaso leader on May 20 1940 in Abbeville, France. The recipients of the award were those political men who were arrested by the Belgium government prior to the German invasion of May 1940. There were two classes made, a silver type for Officers and a bronze for lower ranks. The van Severen bronze badge shown on the left is a die cast. The front side is formed from a large medallion, with a shield in its center and sword pointing upwards crossing horizontally. The emblem in the center of the shield shows a sword, which represents the Flemish will to fight trough its history, the plough stands for their traditional agriculture, and the cog wheel for the technology. On the medallion it has the inscription "Trouw aan Joris van Severen - Abbeville - 20 Mei 1940 " (Loyalty to Joris van Severen -Abbeville -May 1940). The reverse is solid with two small loop rings that holds the pin. Also it should be noted that there exist van Severen badges, which have a slight design variations with the lettering, color and size. Another variation of the van Severen badge exist it is slightly smaller in size. This badge is pictured in David Littlejohn's book, Vol 4, in the addendum section, page 280."

    Tollenaere Honor Badge

    The Tollenaere Commemorative Honor badge

    The Tollenaere commemorative honor badge correctly known as the "Tollenaere Kenteken" also referred to as the "Trouw" or the "Kopzy" badge was the second most prestigious award. The badge was probably created during summer of 1942 and most likely authorized by V.N.V. leader Staf De Clercq. The first awards were issued to uniform V.N.V. members on July 12, 1942 during a ceremonial meeting held in Brussels.
    The badge was rendered in two classes silver and bronze, although their is no evidence shown that the silver class was ever worn. The badge honors the death of the VNV Black Brigade Leader Dr. Reimond Tollenaere who was killed in action at Kopzy, near Leningrad on 22 January 1942.

    The criteria for the award is that the bronze was awarded for combat or special services to V.N.V. members who had joined before May 10, 1940 and to Black Brigade members who joined before December 1941. It also was awarded to V.N.V. members who were in the Flemish Legion.

    The silver badge probably had the same award criteria as the Wallonie silver Rexist honor badge meaning it was issued to Germans attached to the legion and to non V.N.V. members who performed special services.

    The badge shows the Dutch wolf's hook, a small rectangular box with the motto "TROUW" (Loyalty) and a sword in the background crossing it. The bottom part shows a circular ring with the Flemish motto "AANR TOLLENAERE KOPZY JAN 1942," indicating the date and place where he was killed.
    The reverse shows the impression of the obverse and has two eyelets one at the top and the other at the bottom of the badge through which is placed a split bar to hold it to the uniform. The badge was worn on the left breast pocket and was authorized to be worn on German uniforms.
    There are reproduction badges with the German style pin and catch and these badges are much smaller in size compared to the originals.

    Flemish AntiTerrorist Badge

    The Flemish Anti-Terrorist Award

    The Flemish Anti-Terrorist Award shown is a very rare decoration awarded to those who had been subjected to attack by Terrorist (Resistance). This badge was instituted in 1943 in three classes bronze, silver and gold. The Badge shows a medallion with the motto "Wie Leven Wil Moet Strijden" (Who Would Live, Must Fight). The Triangle within the circle represents the VNV Emblem. A sword is shown in the center, which represents the Struggle against Bolshevism. The hollow reverse shows the impression of the obverse and has two eyelets one at the top and the other at the bottom of the badge. The badge measures 42mm in diameter and is slightly concave.

    Flemish Merit Badge

    The Flemish VNV War Merit Award

    The Flemish VNV War Merit Award shown on your right is another extremely rare decoration instituted in June 1944. This award is known as the "Eer en Trouw" (Honor and Loyalty) Badge. It was awarded in bronze only for special acts of courage at home or at the Eastern Front. The badge was also awarded for those killed in action or by terrorist. It was die stamped with the two loop style hinge, and mounted on a commemorate plaque.

    Flemish made insignia

    Flemish Made Insignia

    Above are Flemish made Waffen-SS insignia. Collectors mistakenly referred them as Reitz made insignia, however, there is no conclusive evidence that they were made by that manufacturer. The "Totenkopf" headgear insignia has also been used on Dutch SS headgear. The reverse shows two thin rounded pins similar to the "Assmann" type skulls. Certain sources indicate that this badge was made by the "Indian Caps" Belgium firm in Antwerp.
    In regards to the SS eagle shown on your right there is picture evidence of this style of SS eagle being worn by Flemish SS volunteers. The eagle was removed from tunic. Sources indicate that they are most likely made by "La Nominette" in Aaist, one of the main suppliers from the uniform factory "Reitz" in Antwerp.

    Walloon Legion Awards

    Walloon Awards

    The Walloon Honor Rexist Badge

    The Walloon Honor Rexist Badge shown above known as the "Blood Order" was created during the Spring of 1941 and was awarded to members of the "Formations de Combat" of the Rexist Militia. Unofficially Wallonie volunteers wore the badge before being transferred to the Waffen-SS. In October 16, 1944, RFSS H. Himmler authorized the award to be worn on German SS uniform. Above are two Wallonie Rexist Honor badges a bronze and a silver class. The basic design for the bronze and silver was the same. Both badges have the Walloon Bergundy Cross with a sword crossing it surrounded by a circular ring with the French inscription reads "Bravoure Honneur Fidelite" (Bravery, Honor and Loyalty).
    The bronze badge was issued to "Formations de Combat" of the Rexist Militia members for combat or special services, a serial number was assigned and marked on the reverse lower right hand side of the badge. The silver was issued to non-members of the party for special services and sacrifices to the party and has no serial number or marking on the reverse.

    Walloon Awards

    Notice that both badges have a hollow back with a hinge and a broad "C" style catch with a Belgium style pin. The difference is that the bronze badge has serial no. 1558 on the lower bottom right corner of the circle while the silver badge does not have a serial number.

    The badges with the hinge, catch and pin have been attributed to the Belgium firm "P. De Greef Rue du Midi, 112 Brussels" from 1941 to 1944.

    With kind permission of John J. Hoynoski I am posting new information relating to the Wallonie Rex badges.
    According to documents there were only eight examples issued between April 19, 1944 to June 27, 1944 of the silver Rex badges.

    Walloon Awards Walloon Awards

    Interestingly the early issue bronze badges did not have the pin assembly instead it had in the reverse three loops soldered directly to the metal. These loops were secured in the uniform by thread. The badges do not have makers mark but all have serial numbers and were issued to all para-military members of "Formation de Combat — F.C." of the Rexist Militia.

    The combat worn badge shown above was awarded to Walloon soldier A. Leclerq. The reverse of this example has three loops unfortunately the bottom loop broke off. In addition, it has a war time modification where it shows by the embedded outline that at one time it had a safety pin, long since gone. Notice on the bottom right corner circle of the badge the serial number "155."
    There were approx. 1200 loop version badges produced.

    A second group of approx. 770 badges were produced with the pin assembly. No award documents or cases were presented.

    Two Gold Rexist badges were issued, one to Leon Degrelle and another to a Walloon chaplain. Also a Gold Rexist badge with Diamonds was issued to Victor Matthys who took over the leadership of the Rexist movement while Degrelle was in combat in the Eastern Front.

    Walloon Awards Walloon Awards

    This badge was issued to Flemings that had settled in the French speaking part of Belgium and represented the VNV in Wallonia. This badge has been rumored to be made by the Belgium firm "Fisch & Foncon."
    Interestingly Remi Schrijnen received a Rex Honour badge, but it is not known when.

    Currently I have seen Rex badges that are cast with German style hinge, catch and pin those are mostly reproductions.

    Walloon IAB Award Doc

    Very rare silver infantry assault badge document given to a SS Wallonie volunteer in early September 1944. This document has been signed by DeGrelle (from the collection of Marion Liles).

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